Nonneoplastic Liver Disease: Evaluation with CT and MRI Imaging

Nonneoplastic Liver Disease: Evaluation with CT and MRI Imaging

http://radiographics.rsna.org/content/18/4/827.full.pdf

Satomi Kawamoto, MD ; Philippe A. Soyer, MD ; Elliot K Fishman, MD ; DavidA. Bluemke, MD

A wide range of nontumorous hepatic diseases may have an impact on liver function and serve as indications for computed tomographic (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. New imaging techniques such as spiral CT and fast MR imaging aid in detecting and characterizing these disease processes and in assessing the extent of disease. Infectious liver disease (eg, hepatic abscess, echinococcal disease, fungal infection) typically has low attenuation at CT and high signal intensity at T2-weighted MR imaging. Cholangitis is characterized by ductal dilatation at both CT and MR imaging. In acute portal vein thrombosis, the thrombus has low attenuation at CT and is hyperintense relative to liver at MR imaging. Hepatic infarcts usually appear as well-circumscribed, peripheral, wedgeshaped areas of decreased attenuation at CT. The causes or complications of cirrhosis can be most readily identified with MR imaging. In patients with chronic radiation-induced hepatitis, CT shows the irradiated parenchyma as a region of increased attenuation, whereas Ti- and T2- weighted MR imaging demonstrate geographic areas of low and high signal intensity, respectively. Hemachromatosis has homogeneously increased liver attenuation at CT and decreased signal intensity at gradientecho MR imaging in particular. Familiarity with the CT and MR imaging features of the spectrum of nonneoplastic.