Diagnostic Performance of 64-Slice Computed Tomography

Gudrun M. Feuchtner 1 ; Thomas Schachner 2 ; Johannes Bonatti 2 ; Guy J. Friedrich 3 ; Peter Soegner 1 ; Andrea Klauser1 ; Dieter zur Nedden 1

1 Clinical Department of Radiology II, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
2 Clinical Department of Cardiac Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.
3 Clinical Department of Cardiology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.
Received October 27, 2006; accepted after revision April 25, 2007.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice CT with that of invasive angiography in the detection of greater than 50% graft stenosis within 2 weeks of coronary artery bypass grafting and to investigate the clinical value of 64-slice CT.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients (70 grafts, 46 arterial and 24 venous) underwent 64-slice CT a mean of 2.6 years after minimally invasive or conventional coronary artery bypass surgery.

RESULTS: All 70 grafts were assessable, and none of the grafts was excluded from analysis. For the detection of 50-90% graft stenosis, the sensitivity of CT was 75%, the specificity was 95%, the positive predictive value was 67%, and the negative predictive value was 97% (true disease prevalence, 8/70 grafts; 11%). Greater than 50% graft stenosis and occlusion pooled together (prevalence, 14/70; 20%) were detected with a sensitivity of 85%, specificity of 95%, positive predictive value of 80%, and negative predictive value of 96%. Vein graft disease was found in eight (42%) of 19 patent vein grafts (graft age, 15.6 ± 2.3 years). The disease was nonobstructive in three (16%) of the 19 grafts. The course of the left internal mammary artery was median retrosternal (< 1 cm deep) in 33.3% of conventionally sutured grafts.

CONCLUSION: Sixty-four-slice CT angiography can be used for accurate exclusion of greater than 50% graft stenosis, but detection of distal anastomotic stenosis is limited, and the degree of stenosis can be overestimated. The advantages of CT, however, are that it is noninvasive, vein graft disease can be diagnosed at an early stage, and complementary evaluation of extracardiac anatomic features provides useful information before coronary artery bypass grafting is redone.