Popliteal Artery Disease


Lonnie B. Wright, MD ; W. Jean Matchett, MD ; Carlos P. Cruz, MD ; Charles A. James, MD ; William C. Culp, MD ; John F. Eidt, MD ; Timothy C. McCowan, MD

1 From the Departments of Radiology and Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham St, Slot 556, Little Rock, AR 72205. Presented as an education exhibit at the 2002 RSNA scientific assembly. Received April 28, 2003; revision requested July 8 and received September 29; accepted October 1. All authors have no financial relationships to disclose.

The popliteal artery is a relatively short vascular segment but is affected by a unique set of pathologic conditions. These conditions, which may be common throughout the arterial system or exclusive to the popliteal artery, include atherosclerosis, popliteal artery aneurysm, arterial embolus, trauma, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, and cystic adventitial disease. The clinical manifestations, imaging appearances, and treatment options associated with these pathologic conditions differ significantly. Consequently, the radiologist should be familiar with these conditions to direct imaging for accurate diagnosis and treatment and to prevent loss of limb.