Beyond the hype: How practical AI is enhancing radiology

Moving past the initial media hype, practitioners are beginning to demonstrate how AI applications can enhance the ability of radiologists to support better patient outcomes.

It’s a fact of life in our digital age that emerging technologies are often accompanied by overinflated expectations about their potential to transform the world.

Consider drones. Early supporters predicted that drones would soon shower our neighborhoods with smiling Amazon boxes and hover at our doors with hot Domino’s pizzas. Of course, they’ve since recognized many barriers to the drone distribution model. Setting aside original forecasts, engineers are finding many uses for drone technology in everyday applications.

With the exciting prospect of artificial intelligence in diagnostic imaging, prognosticators foretold of an overnight medical revolution – some even predicted that computers would eventually replace the need for physicians altogether. Thankfully, we are moving beyond the initial hype. For example, healthcare leaders are asking practical questions to leverage AI to improve patient care through better workflow, higher quality reporting and optimized efficiency. As a result, we seamlessly weave practical AI algorithms into daily workflows with the goal of enabling physicians to deliver the best care possible.

Realizing the potential of AI

Diagnostic imaging is an area of great potential for practical AI.

Image-based and natural language processing (NLP) models are being implemented today into clinical workflows and have demonstrated early success. For example, smart worklists are using AI to prioritize studies to ensure the right study is presented to the right radiologist. Other AI models are built to relieve radiologists of relatively mundane tasks, so they can focus on delivering high quality interpretations. In short, AI enables radiologists to focus their expertise where it matters most.

AI is a valuable radiology triage tool. Copyright vRad 2019.
AI is proving a valuable triage tool. Algorithms can detect and prioritize potentially urgent studies.

As an example, AI is proving to be a valuable triage tool. In an optimized radiology environment, studies that are part of a trauma or stroke protocol are prioritized in the physician’s worklist. Studies that are not part of a trauma or stroke protocol, sometimes contain a condition that requires expedited attention. A facility may request an interpretation of images “non-emergently,” but the patient may be experiencing an urgent condition – such as intra-cranial hemorrhage, pulmonary embolism or aortic dissection. AI can look at the images and identify the study for proper prioritization in the worklist.

It is important to note that each model’s individual performance, as measured by sensitivity and specificity, will determine the viability of its use in a production environment. Each model must be refined to meet acceptable thresholds for false positives and false negatives before it can be employed effectively in any workflow.

We’ve just begun to scratch the surface of all that is possible. A single triage workflow may employ tens or even hundreds of models. However, there are less complex models showing great promise for driving operational improvements. For example, one AI model in use determines how many images are in a chest x-ray, even when there are multiple images on the same pixel matrix. Another model determines if the chest x-ray is lateral or frontal (AP/PA). Both of these relatively simple models have immediate practical benefits as a surprisingly large percentage of chest x-ray studies are ordered with incomplete or inaccurate metadata. This quick fix of the metadata using AI avoids potential billing errors and will ensure the images are displayed properly without interrupting the radiologist.

What the future holds

As AI proves its value to radiologists, radiologists are embracing and facilitating the evolution of AI.

The future of radiology is rooted in a collaborative partnership between imaging practitioners and systems engineers. Ultimately, the goal is to improve overall quality, which also improves efficiency. Success requires AI integration into the practical workflow. Automating mundane tasks that are better handled by a computer should eliminate distractions and reduce error rates. Meanwhile, each diagnostic report, through the use of NLP provides essential data to fuel the continued improvement in AI for radiology.

Achieving the full potential of practical AI in radiology requires a strong analytics foundation and deep workflow integration. It requires continuous collaboration between technical leadership and clinical leadership. On a daily basis, they must evaluate AI use cases and ask one another: What problems can we solve? What task can be automated? What are the results? How might we improve patient care?

 

It is exciting to work in a field that embraces new technologies and AI is poised to be transformational on multiple levels.  As we build and deploy AI models, early successes are generating excitement and hope for continued innovation that will enable radiologists to enhance standards of care.

Reposted from Healthcare Business News.

Author

Imad B. Nijim

Chief Information Officer, MEDNAX Radiology Solutions

MBA, Healthcare Management, University of Phoenix. Mr Nijim is a healthcare informatics expert whose focus is driving continuous advancement at the intersection of radiology and the IT systems that support it. His innovative solutions are helping enhance imaging accuracy, reporting and workflows across multiple disciplines, including oncology, cardiology, general diagnostics, ECG management and enterprise data archiving and management. A seasoned traveler, Mr. Nijim has visited more than 25 countries, both for personal enrichment, and professionally as director of international software development, deployment, localization and translation teams.

Share this post